Transporting heavy loads involves heavy haul trucks and trailers. Since these machines are very expensive, many contractors rent or lease this equipment as they need it, to avoid huge upfront costs. Here's what you need to know about heavy haul vehicles:
Types of Heavy Haul Equipment
Heavy haul equipment includes many different types of vehicles, including:
- Flatbeds, the most widely used type of trailer
- Forklifts, which come in various sizes for different types of loads
- Large transporters for moving items weighing up to 60 tons
- Drop decks, which are flatbeds with two levels
- RGNs, which allow construction workers to drive onto a trailer bed
- Double drops for transporting oversized materials
- Stretch trailers, which are flatbeds with extensions
- Crawlers, also known as bulldozers
Medium vs. Heavy Haul Trucks
While heavy haul trucks and transporters are designed to handle oversize loads, medium trucks are used for transporting less bulky material. Medium trucks include flatbeds, box trucks and platform trucks. Transporters are useful for moving several cars from one place to another. A medium duty truck is larger than a full-size van, as RVs are considered medium by comparison. Heavy trucks include tractor trailers and dumpers. A heavy hauler combines a power source with a heavy weight transporter. The military uses tank transporters to move tanks and other tracked vehicles long distances.
Heavy Haul Applications
Industries that commonly use this heavy duty equipment besides construction and military include oil, utilities, and demolition. Forklifts are useful for warehouses that require frequent moving, as well as specific construction sites. Loaders are very versatile, but they are most commonly used to build new roads and buildings.
Cranes, which are critical for constructing tall buildings and towers, come in a variety of models. They are essential for lifting and lowering construction materials. One of the most reliable all-purpose riggers is the excavator, which includes a large articulated arm with a bucket for digging. These machines are useful for digging holes, ditches and moving debris. Here are examples of industrial machinery that is commonly moved by heavy vehicles:
- utility-grade electric generators
- pre-fabricated homes
- construction machines and components
- engines used in factories
Heavy loads on regular roads can present danger to surrounding vehicles, especially those trying to speed past a rig in the wrong lane. It's important to understand that if a heavy load exceeds standard size and weight, a permit issued by the State Department of Transportation is required, depending on the state's regulations. Each state has its own regulations on dimensions and weight. These permits, which are restricted to specific routes, have led to more safe and secure conditions for rigging operators.
Make sure you understand the different types of heavy duty rigs before renting or leasing these vehicles. For more information on heavy haul equipment, contact Southwest Industrial Rigging at 602.278.6281.