Top 10 Rigging Safety Tips
Operating rigging machinery requires intense preparation and focus to ensure the safety of people, equipment and property. Here are ten essential rigging safety tips.
1. Only work with Qualified Personnel
Every worker at a site should be aware of rigging safety. They should be trained to comply with all rigging procedures and understand the equipment. Professional riggers should be able to anticipate problems before they happen. You must know how to stop equipment immediately if conditions become unsafe.
2. Conduct Thorough Inspection
Before any lifting project, a rigging expert should inspect the crane and handling equipment to make sure it's safe. Even minor technical issues should not be ignored. Only machinery that is in top working condition should be used for any given job. Weather conditions must also be considered for lifting safety.
3. Document Technical Issues
If a machine has any technical problems that may cause malfunction, it should be taken out of commission and stored for maintenance. This policy is particularly important if a crane is going to be used by multiple operators at a work site.
4. Keep the Load Balanced
One of the most universal rigging safety tips is that the upper suspension and the load hook form a straight line. Make sure that neither the chain nor the hoist body comes in contact with the load. It's important to know how far loads can swing. An unbalanced load can lead to a crane tipping over, so be aware of load capacity and the load's center of gravity.
5. Make Sure the Load Cannot Injure People
People should not be allowed under a suspended load. It is the operator's responsibility to keep loads separated from other workers. Everyone near the lifting should keep their hands, fingers and feet free of pinch points. It's crucial to avoid contact with power lines, which can lead to electric shock.
6. Land All Loads
Never allow loads to remain suspended when the machine is turned off. Whenever the hoist will not be supervised, attached loads should be landed. Always be aware of stacked material within the vicinity of a load to avoid knocking it over. Make sure the landing area is clear before slowly lowering a load.
7. Only Use Strong Slings
Slings must be durable and have the ability to lift heavy objects. It's helpful to measure the tension in each sling leg, which needs to match vertical capacity of the slings.
8. Use a Spotter During Lifting
Whenever you do not have full view as a rigger, you need a designated spotter who can direct the loads to ensure proper clearance. Always be conscious of where people are on the worksite in relation to the load.
9. Know Your Rigging Equipment
Every rigger should know how much weight their machine can lift, which can be found on the manufacturer's load charts in the operator's manual. You must be aware of the boom length and load radius as well. The number of legs of the machinery and maximum angle capabilities play important roles in balancing loads.
10. Store Hoist or Hook Safely
Once a job is done, the rigging equipment needs to be stored in a place where it cannot be damaged by weather or other factors. Be sure to put the hoist somewhere that doesn't create potential hazards for people. Proactively inspecting the equipment will help prevent accidents and ensure durability.
The above rigging safety tips will help create a smooth operation and reduce the chances of injury. Contact us at Southwest Industrial Rigging (SWIR) for information on crane safety.